General excise tax hike mulled as county drains fund balance

  • Target team member Jen Burns rings up a transaction for Kim and Cole Clark Friday at the Kona store. The county is considering a general excise tax hike, which would affect consumers. (Laura Ruminski/West Hawaii Today)

  • The current year’s general fund budget. (Hawaii County Finance Department

HILO — Mayor Harry Kim on Friday sent the County Council a bill to raise the general excise tax by one-half percent to balance next year’s budget, while telling a state legislative panel the county exhausted its fund balance to pay for this year.

Kim told state lawmakers the county took $20 million from last year’s leftover money, leaving just $89,000 in its fund balance while costs continue to rise for payroll and other county expenses. That’s despite hikes in property taxes and fuel taxes approved last year by Kim and the County Council.


“It was very clear that what I had to do as an elected official, the thing we hate to do, and that is raise taxes,” Kim told the panel in Honolulu.

The mayor added he was “damned embarrassed” on reading the morning’s newspaper and seeing he got a raise. Kim’s $30,581 raise was among big raises approved by the Salary Commission for 33 top officials.

The Legislature gave the counties authority to raise the general excise tax, or GET, provided they have an ordinance in place by March 31. It’s estimated to raise anywhere from $25 million to as much as $40 million for Hawaii County annually. So far, only Honolulu and Kauai have done so.

Council to vote on GET

Even as Kim blasted the GET hike as hitting poor people the most, his finance director sent the council a bill raising the tax.

“At this point, I don’t know whether I will push for it, or support it, but I will leave it open,” Kim told the panel. “The excise tax is the worst regressive tax. We’re taxing again the people who can least afford to pay taxes … they pay more.”

Kim was responding to Sen. Lorraine Inouye, D-Hilo, Hamakua, Kohala, North Kona, who asked why the county hasn’t taken advantage of the tax revenue opportunity provided by the Legislature.

“They ask us to help them and my suggestion is to go ahead and raise taxes,” Inouye said about county officials.

Kim told the panel costs outside his control continue to rise. Thanks to recent collective bargaining agreements at the state level, employees’ salaries and benefits now account for 62.5 percent of the $491 million county budget, he said.

Payments on bond issues from prior years account for 12.5 percent. A state-mandated increase in post-retirement benefits other than pensions, known as GASB-45, will bring next year’s county contribution to 15.35 percent of the general fund, compared to about 6 percent in 2006.

Hawaii County voters also passed a charter amendment that takes 2 percent of property tax revenues off the top to purchase land for preservation. Another 0.25 percent is taken to maintain those lands.

Mayors seek taxing authority

Kim, along with the other three county mayors and county council representatives from all four counties, asked the Senate Ways and Means Committee and House Finance Committee to restore previous allocations of the transient accommodations tax — collected on hotels and lodging of less than 180 days — to give the counties a greater share.

County mayors also asked the Legislature to give it more broad-based taxing authority, through HB 1664.

The bill states, “Each county shall have the power, by ordinance, for general revenue purposes, to levy, assess, and collect, or provide for the levying, assessment, and collection of taxes, including surcharges on taxes imposed by the state, as each county shall determine on persons, transactions, occupations, privileges, subjects, and personal property located within its geographical limits, and upon the transfer of real property, or of any interest in real property situate within the county levying and assessing the tax.”

HB 1665, part of the mayors’ legislative package, would give the counties 55 percent of TAT collections, with the state getting 45 percent. That could mean as much as $200 million for the counties to share, an amount that would increase as tourism increased. Currently, the counties share $103 million of the approximately $450 million collected each year, with Hawaii County getting $19.2 million of that.

The TAT is no longer the county’s second-highest source of revenue. Property taxes account for about 74.5 percent of this year’s general fund revenues, compared to 4.3 percent for TAT. Another 5 percent was drawn from the fund balance, and licenses and charges for services accounted for 6.1 percent.

The GET can be used only for roads and mass transit, but using that money could free up funds for other projects.

Council Chairwoman Valerie Poindexter, contacted in Honolulu where she was also attending the money committees hearing, wasn’t thrilled with the GET bill. But it will be added to an upcoming council agenda.

“I still believe that the GET tax is a regressive tax. There should be a way to incentivize this tax for the poor, disabled and elderly through exempting food and health-care expenses,” Poindexter said. “(I’m) looking forward to hearing from the public and having a lengthy discussion with my colleagues.”

‘We have to face reality’

Managing Director Wil Okabe said Kim is reluctant to raise the GET, but “we have to face reality and look at our revenues.”

Okabe lays the responsibility for the county’s tight budget at the feet of the Legislature. If the state hadn’t taken such a large chunk of the TAT, the county wouldn’t be so financially stressed, he said.

“It all circles back to what the Legislature did,” Okabe said. “The constituents on this island have to be aware of the ramifications of what the Legislature does.”

Deputy Finance Director Nancy Crawford said the fund balance has been this low before, but it’s still a concern. The county administration is currently formulating its budget for the fiscal year that starts July 1, and has until March 1 to present a preliminary spending plan to the council.

The county also has a budget stabilization fund of about $6.3 million still in reserves, she said.

“We know we will get some amount of fund balance this year, but we’re going to be very careful,” Crawford said. “The sky isn’t falling, but it is a concern.”

Kim described for the panel the impoverished conditions in Puna — the fastest growing district in the state — and Ka‘u, where most if not all students are on free and reduced lunches and residents lack basic infrastructure like county water.


Kim said the state needs to help, especially with the growing homeless problem.

“I can live with not-too-good roads. I can live with not-too-good parks,” Kim said. “But it is sure as hell hard to live in a community that is laden with poor people having a very, very difficult time.”