Homebuilder Joshua Correa, center, along with his son Josh Correa, left, point out details to cabinet subcontractor Winston Grosvenor at a home under construction in Plano, Texas, Tuesday, May 3, 2022. Correa has struggled to hire supervisors for his work sites, with immigrant job candidates demanding $100,000 yearly pay. But the biggest bite on his bottom line has come from the difficulty in lining up subcontractors from drywallers to plumbers to electricians. (AP Photo/LM Otero)
Just 10 miles from the Rio Grande, Mike Helle’s farm is so short of immigrant workers that he’s replaced 450 acres of labor-intensive leafy greens with crops that can be harvested by machinery.