At what point does AI become conscious? And what do we owe it once it gets there?

A.I. has become proficient at recognizing faces, understanding speech, reading and writing, and diagnosing diseases, and it has potential to discover new medicines. Hanson Robotics’ Sophia, a lifelike bot, could converse naturally with a person and sprinkle the conversation with irony. ChatGPT, launched by Open AI in November, writes papers of higher quality than most humans can write. And in February, Bing’s A.I. Chat program stunned a New York Times columnist by claiming to be in love with him and saying “I want to be alive.”