The pros and cons of swimming with a hammer head

People joke about asking horses, “Why the long face?” We should redirect this question to hammerhead sharks. Their famous head extensions, called cephalofoils, can measure 3 feet from eye to eye. And scientists are still trying to nail down exactly what purposes they serve.

How a praying mantis says ‘boo!’

From a distance, the dead leaf praying mantis resembles its namesake: brown, crispy and still. Inch a little closer and it looks the same. But go even closer — too close — and a transformation occurs. The mantis whirls around, spreads its black-patterned wings and puts its arms behind its head in a pose reminiscent of Edvard Munch’s “The Scream,” showing off shocking red undersides.

Politicizing medical science will cost American lives

The Food and Drug Administration is no stranger to political interference. Special interests have played as much of a role as actual data in the approval of questionable cancer drugs and faulty medical devices for almost as long as the agency has existed.

What’s in this deep ‘blue hole’ off Florida? They’re working on it

Sprinkled across the ocean floor, invisible from the surface, are hundreds — or maybe thousands — of sinkholes. These “blue holes,” as scientists call them, do not swallow up everything incapable of fighting their gravitational force, like their black hole cousins. But to those who study them, they are still nearly as intriguing.

Dolphins have hidden fingers. So do seals. These sea creatures did not.

Put a dolphin’s front flipper in an X-ray machine, and you will see a surprise: an arc of humanlike finger bones. The same goes for a sea turtle, a seal, a manatee and a whale. All of these animals had four-legged ancestors that lived on land. As their various lineages adapted to life in the water, what had been multidigit limbs slowly transformed into flippers.

At least 9 members of Mormon family in Mexico killed in ambush

MEXICO CITY — At least three women and six children in a prominent local Mormon family were killed Monday when their vehicles were ambushed in northern Mexico by gunmen believed to be members of organized crime, family members said. The attack alarmed a nation already reeling from record violence this year.

2020 hopeful Gabbard sues Google, says free speech violated

U.S. Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, the long-shot presidential candidate from Hawaii, said in a federal lawsuit that Google infringed on her free speech when it briefly suspended her campaign’s advertising account after the first Democratic debate in June.

Where Will Measles Break Out Next?

Chicago, Los Angeles and Miami are the cities most likely to see the next measles outbreaks, according to an unusual new study. And, Honolulu isn’t too far behind.

How seals took to the seas

OAHU — Oceans today are home to a variety of seals, ranging from leopard seals darting through Antarctic surfs in pursuit of a penguin to endangered Hawaiian monk seals lounging on sunlit shores.

Shooting Reported in Central Christchurch, New Zealand

WELLINGTON, New Zealand — Police said they were dealing with an active shooter in central Christchurch, New Zealand, on Friday as local news reports said there were multiple casualties in an attack on one and perhaps a second mosque.