Espalier pruning has artistic and practical benefits

This photograph of a Camellia tree, taken Oct. 10, 2018, growing alongside a house near Langley, Wash., demonstrates using espalier pruning to utilize growing space near walls and fences while adding ornamental interest. (Dean Fosdick via AP)

Espalier design is an ancient pruning practice that fashions fruit trees, vines or flowering shrubs into artistic, two-dimensional forms. This lateral shaping makes it easier to harvest and mow, maximizes sunlight, and helps trees fit into tight areas.