VOLCANO WATCH: Aloha and Happy Retirement to Janet Babb

  • The degassing lava lake within Halema’uma’u at the summit of Kilauea was a fitting backdrop in 2009 for USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geologist Janet Babb, who later co-produced a video about the summit eruption. The lava lake drained away in 2018 as the summit crater collapsed, but the video — USGS General Information Product 182 — can still be viewed online. Babb recently retired from HVO. (USGS photo/courtesy)

With heavy heart, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) bids aloha to Janet Babb, outreach geologist and educator extraordinaire who retired from federal service in late March. Because of her dedication and guidance over the years, HVO is well-positioned to carry on a tradition of quality media and public engagement.

Janet’s love for volcanoes and Hawaii have been evident in everything she’s done since first coming to the island in 1990. Her previous work as an elementary school teacher, University of Hawaii at Hilo geology lecturer, Hawaii Volcano Geoventures owner and guide, and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park interpretive exhibits specialist set the stage for great accomplishments at HVO.


Awards for Janet’s professional work started long before her arrival at HVO. In 2001, she received the Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau’s “Keep it Hawaii” Kahili Award for her contributions to public education about Hawaiian volcanoes through Project LAVA (Learning About Volcanic Activity), a week-long teacher workshop that she developed and coordinated from 1995 through 2002.

Janet volunteered at HVO for many years before being hired in 2008 to help the Observatory manage public information during Kilauea’s first summit eruption since 1982. The appearance of the lava lake in Halemaumau made local, national, and international news, and HVO needed someone knowledgeable in Hawaiian volcanology and geologic history to handle the multitude of media requests. Then Deputy Scientist-in-Charge Steve Brantley suggested Janet fill that role, a challenge she accepted — initially as a volunteer and later as a permanent USGS employee.

News coverage of Hawaiian volcanoes had been handled directly by HVO leaders and scientists since the observatory’s founding in 1912. But with the advent of 21st century around-the-clock news cycles and internet-based radio, television, and social media, HVO needed help. Already hard-pressed in 2008 to keep up with media interest in the continuing Puu Oo eruption, the onset of Kilauea’s summit lava lake only ramped up the pressure.

As the first person to formally occupy such a role explicitly at HVO, Janet defined the niche by creating and sharing protocols to guide HVO scientists during interviews and public presentations. With the greater good of Hawaii communities and HVO always in mind, she sought better and more creative ways to share HVO messages about Hawaiian volcanoes and earthquakes.

One of her most successful endeavors began in 2010, when she convinced Hawaii County to proclaim January as “Volcano Awareness Month.” From then through 2020, she organized a month-long series of public programs—talks, hikes, poster sessions, and other means of community interaction—each January, with HVO staff and affiliates providing the presentations. Over the years, Volcano Awareness Month has done much to prepare island residents for future volcanic eruptions and to share HVO scientists’ passion for their work.

Aware that many people could not get close to lava flows in hazardous closed areas, Janet worked with her counterparts at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Hawaii County Civil Defense to organize special media events to help bring the inside story of Kilauea eruptions to the world. She also kept HVO’s award-winning “Volcano Watch” essay series alive, editing weekly submissions and encouraging staff to keep writing articles about volcanoes and earthquakes.

When Kilauea’s summit lava lake became a mesmerizing center of attention in Hawaii, Janet conceived of and co-produced a 24-minute video that incorporated stunning visuals and informative commentary by HVO scientists, as well as the geologic history and cultural context of Halemaumau. The award-winning video stands as a reminder of what once existed at the summit of Kilauea.

Then came 2018. Janet handled the initial unprecedented media onslaught and then worked with communication professionals from other USGS offices throughout the summer to provide a steady stream of information about Kilauea’s lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapses to media outlets near and far. In the aftermath, Janet recorded HVO staff recounting their experiences during the 2018 events, video footage that now awaits thoughtful weave into the eruption story of our generation—another example of the creative communicator that she is.

HVO will deeply miss Janet as a colleague and friend. Her passion, talents, and dedication helped us all to be better communicators. HVO is proud to have had her represent us to our island communities and the world, and we wish her all the best in retirement.

Volcano Watch is a weekly article and activity update written by U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists and affiliates.

Volcano Activity Updates

Kilauea Volcano is not erupting. Its USGS Volcano Alert level remains at NORMAL (https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/about_alerts.html). Kilauea updates are issued monthly.

Kilauea monitoring data over the past month showed no significant changes in seismicity, sulfur dioxide emission rates, or deformation. The water lake at the bottom of Halema’uma’u continued to slowly expand and deepen.

Mauna Loa is not erupting. Its USGS Volcano Alert level remains at ADVISORY. This alert level does not mean that an eruption is imminent or that progression to an eruption is certain. Mauna Loa updates are issued weekly.

This past week, about 37 small-magnitude earthquakes were recorded beneath the upper elevations of Mauna Loa; the strongest was a magnitude-2.3 earthquake on the upper Southwest Rift Zone. Monitoring data showed that slow summit inflation continued and fumarole temperature and gas concentrations on the Southwest Rift Zone remain stable.

​Two earthquakes with 3 or more felt reports occurred in the Hawaiian Islands this past week: a magnitude-3.1 earthquake 6 km (4 mi) NE of Pahala at 31 km (19 mi) depth on April 8 at 01:27 a.m. HST and a magnitude-3.0 earthquake 7 km (4 mi) S of Kapa’au at 12 km (7 mi) depth on April 6 at 02:13 p.m. HST.


HVO continues to closely monitor both Kilauea and Mauna Loa.

Please visit HVO’s website for past Volcano Watch articles, Kilauea and Mauna Loa updates, volcano photos, maps, recent earthquake info, and more. Email questions to askHVO@usgs.gov.

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