Spectacular ferns for air garden

This 30-year-old staghorn fern is grown in a large basket hanging from a tree branch. These ferns are usually attached to tree branches. (Voltaire Moise/Special to West Hawaii Today)

Hawaiian gardens have long been famous for their vast array of orchids. We commonly see epiphytic types growing on hapu’u, tree branches and even rocky, soilless areas. In the last decade, other airplants like bromeliads have become popular because of their colorful foliage and flowers. Plants that do not need to be attached to the ground like these, receive moisture and nutrients from what is deposited on them.