Volcano Watch: Seismicity preceding the 2020 eruption of Kilauea Volcano

  • Maps of seismic events leading up to the 2020 Eruption of Kilauea Volcano, from October to December 2020. Colors are based on the timeline. (USGS/Special to West Hawaii Today)

  • Timeline of seismic events leading up to the 2020 Eruption of Kilauea Volcano, from October to December 2020. (USGS/Special to West Hawaii Today)

  • In this photo provided by the National Park Service, people watch an eruption from Hawaii's Kilauea volcano on the Big Island on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2020. The volcano shot steam and an ash cloud into the atmosphere which lasted about an hour, an official with the National Weather Service said early Monday, Dec. 21, 2020. (Janice Wei/National Park Service via AP)

Pele returned to the summit of Kilauea on the evening of Dec. 20, 2020. Incredible video documents the start of the new eruption in Halema’uma’u and the dynamic ongoing activity. There was no significant change that suggested lava would erupt again so rapidly, but there were subtle signs of restless behavior around Kilauea’s summit in the months prior to the eruption.