NBA mostly keeps low profile in public campaign to free Brittney Griner

The NBA is a $10 billion corporation that has the power and reach not just to promote its teams and players but to provoke discussion and debate around social issues. It has used that influence most prominently to fight racism in the United States.

Yet, when it has come to Brittney Griner, the WNBA star who has been detained in Russia since February, the NBA’s teams have been mostly absent from the public campaign for her release. The NBA founded the WNBA and still owns about half of it, but the NBA has been relatively muted outside news conferences as Griner’s family, her agent and the women’s league and its players have led the public push for her freedom. NBA players have also shown support.


Officials in both leagues said they had stayed quiet at first at the urging of U.S. government officials who worried that publicizing the case would backfire and jeopardize Griner even further. But even after the U.S. State Department said that it had determined she had been “wrongfully detained” and government officials began regularly speaking about Griner, the NBA and team owners remained mostly quiet, fueling sentiments that the case has not gotten the kind of spotlight Griner’s supporters have demanded.

NBA Commissioner Adam Silver has said publicly that the league and its teams are using their influence and connections to help Griner in ways the public doesn’t see. It is difficult to say whether they are doing enough when even experts in diplomacy disagree on what “enough” would be or if public or private advocacy would be more effective.

“There are no easy answers,” said Ian Bremmer, a political scientist who runs a political risk research and consulting firm. “Could the NBA have done more? Yes, they could have.”

On the other hand, Bremmer said, pressure from the NBA could prompt Russia to ask for more in a deal to release Griner. Experts have suggested that a prisoner swap could free Griner.

“How you value all of those things depends on your perspective,” Bremmer said.

The NBA players union said its members had been deeply concerned about Griner, and it pointed to players’ public shows of support at playoff games and award shows and on social media. Silver and WNBA Commissioner Cathy Engelbert have said that NBA owners also care but have kept their advocacy out of the public eye. The New York Times contacted owners of all 30 NBA teams — directly or through representatives — and none agreed to be interviewed about Griner.

Through a spokesperson, Silver declined to be interviewed for this article, but in a statement, he reiterated his public comments that the league had been “actively engaged” with government officials and experts.

“The NBA and its teams are also using their influence to draw attention to Brittney’s situation, but ultimately this is a matter to be resolved by the United States government due to the serious and complex geopolitical issues at play,” Silver said in the statement.

The nuance of the league’s position isn’t lost even on those who are most intimately aware of what it means to be wrongfully detained abroad. Consider Jason Rezaian, a Washington Post opinion writer who was detained in Iran for a year and a half on spurious charges and freed in a prisoner swap in 2016.

He prepared to question Silver in June before the NBA Finals at a news conference, one of the few the commissioner gives in the season.

“I wanted to put him on the spot,” Rezaian said of Silver. “‘As a corporation, what are you doing for this employee of yours?’”

But before he got a chance, Silver beat him to it, saying that the NBA and the WNBA were working with the U.S. government and outside experts to try to expedite Griner’s release. Rezaian said he thought that Silver’s remarks were forceful and that speaking about Griner before being asked had been smart.

Griner, 31, has been detained since Feb. 17 after Russian customs officials said they found hashish oil in a vape cartridge in her luggage at an airport near Moscow. Her trial began July 1, and she pleaded guilty July 7. She said she did not intend to break the law as she traveled to play for a Russian women’s basketball team during the offseason from her WNBA team, the Phoenix Mercury.

Her next hearing is scheduled for Tuesday. If she is formally convicted, which experts said had been likely even before she pleaded guilty, Griner could face up to 10 years in a penal colony. The U.S. State Department said it would work to negotiate her release regardless of the outcome of the trial.

Her public support has remained strong, despite her guilty plea.

“I get asked this question all the time: ‘Has the NBA been helpful?’” Engelbert said. “Extremely helpful. We share a brand. We have NBA after our name. NBA team owners have reached out to me personally: ‘What can we do to help with Brittney?’”

The WNBA’s teams have honored Griner in many ways, including fundraisers, court decals and T-shirts, and her family will still receive her full Mercury salary this season. Some NBA players have spoken about her or worn clothing that drew attention to her detainment. The NBA’s Phoenix Suns, who own the Mercury, added a decal to their court and have posted about Griner on their social media accounts, but few NBA teams have made many vocal or public shows of support.

Tamika Tremaglio, executive director of the NBA players union, said she had been in contact with Terri Jackson, executive director of the WNBA’s players union, since just after news broke of Griner’s detention about how NBA players could help.

When the NBA’s union leaders met in Las Vegas this month, they asked for an update. Jackson, who was at the WNBA All-Star Game in Chicago, recorded a video that was shown to the NBA players.

“You could hear a pin drop,” Tremaglio said. “They were so pensive in terms of listening and hearing and understanding what was happening. It is something that we as a union also support the women. This is something we were critically concerned about, too.”

Rezaian said public displays of support are important.

During his 544-day detention in Iran, some of his most hopeful moments had come when he had heard that people were speaking about him, whether it was someone from The Washington Post or President Barack Obama.

“That sort of thing just floods you with a sense of being alive and also of power,” Rezaian said. “The walls might be up around you, and you can’t break them down, but you’re still there. You still count. And people are doing what they can for you.”

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