G7 confronts China on commerce, pope talks about AI

Pope Francis arrives for a group photo next to Italy's Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni and India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the second day of the G7 summit Friay at the Borgo Egnazia resort in Savelletri, Puglia, Italy. (REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque)

BORGO EGNAZIA, Italy — Pope Francis made an historic appearance at the Group of Seven summit on Friday to speak about the pros and cons of artificial intelligence, while G7 leaders also pledged to tackle what they said were harmful business practices by China.

Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, the summit host, invited the pope and other heads of state and government, including the prime minister of India and the king of Jordan, in an effort to show the G7 was not an aloof, exclusive club.


“We will never accept the narrative that wants the ‘West against the rest’,” Meloni told the meeting on Friday.

The pope, arriving in a wheelchair and warmly greeted by leaders including U.S. President Joe Biden and a fellow Argentine, President Javier Milei, acknowledged the ambivalence surrounding AI, saying it could inspire excitement and broaden access to knowledge.

“Yet at the same time, it could bring with it a greater injustice between advanced and developing nations or between dominant and oppressed social classes,” the 87-year-old said.

The core G7 members — the United States, Italy, Britain, France, Germany, Japan and Canada — had earlier focused on China’s economic clout and what they see as unbalanced markets in areas such as electric vehicles, steel and renewable energy.

Their summit statement, released on Friday evening, stressed the G7 was not trying to harm China or thwart its economic development but would “continue to take actions to protect our businesses from unfair practices, to level the playing field and remedy ongoing harm”.

The G7 also warned of action against Chinese financial institutions that helped Russia obtain weapons for its war against Ukraine.

Washington this week imposed fresh sanctions on China-based firms supplying semiconductors to Russia amid worries over Beijing’s increasingly aggressive stance against Taiwan and run-ins with the Philippines over rival maritime claims.

Leaders also discussed immigration, a crucial issue for Meloni who is pushing Europe to help her curb illegal flows from Africa and who has launched a flagship plan to boost development in the continent to tackle the root cause of the departures.

They agreed to launch a coalition to crack down on people smuggling, with greater cooperation on investigations into trafficking networks and confiscation of their assets.

“Illegal migration is now a global emergency,” British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said. “We all agree that it’s for sovereign nations to control their borders and not criminal gangs.”

Sunak said it was the first time a G7 summit had discussed migration, hailing that as a sign of progress.

“Obviously, these things don’t happen overnight,” he said.”(But) the conversation … was very productive, so I’m confident it will make a difference.”

During the first day of their meeting in southern Italy, the G7 nations agreed an outline deal to provide $50 billion of loans for Ukraine backed by interest from frozen Russian assets — hailing the accord as a powerful signal of Western resolve.

In the summit statement, G7 leaders said they wanted to inflict further costs on Russia for its invasion of Ukraine, and also promised sanctions against entities that helped Russia circumvent restrictions on its oil trading by transporting it fraudulently.

However, Meloni, who heads a right-wing government, ran into choppy waters over the handling of sensitive social issues in the statement summing up the work of the G7.

G7 leaders made no direct reference to abortion in their final communique, with Italy refusing to bow to French pressure to include the word. The draft also sparked accusations of watering down support for LGBTQ rights compared with the statement issued at the leaders’ previous meeting in Japan.

Italy said it was a diplomatic storm in a teacup and argued that the G7 had not changed its stance on either issue.

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